Urine - Blood In

Urine - Blood In

Is this your symptom?

  • Blood in the urine (pee) can make it red, pink, brown or tea-colored.
  • There may also be spots of blood in the toilet water.

Some Basics...

  • Hematuria is the medical term for blood in the urine.
  • Even a small amount of blood can make the urine appear quite red.
  • There are many causes of blood in the urine. A person with blood in their urine should see a doctor.

Causes

Blood in the urine can be caused by many things. It is often caused by problems somewhere in the urinary system. More common causes are:

  • Bladder or kidney infections
  • Cancer
  • Enlarged prostate (men)
  • Injury to the urethra, bladder, ureter, or kidney
  • Kidney stone(s)
  • Recent bladder surgery
  • Recent prostate biopsy or surgery
  • Taking blood thinners like Coumadin (warfarin)

Diagnosis

All people with blood in their urine need to be seen by a doctor.

A doctor can diagnose blood in the urine by taking a urine sample. This sample will then be tested for blood. The doctor may also do other tests to find out what is causing the bleeding. They may do blood tests, ultrasounds, or a kidney biopsy.

What else can make the urine look red?

Some foods can make the urine look red for a short time. Examples include beets, rhubarb, and red food coloring.

A few drugs can also give an orange or red tint to the urine.

  • Pyridium (phenazopyridine) is a medicine the helps relieve bladder pain and spasms. It is sometimes used to treat people who have a bladder infection. It turns the urine bright orange.
  • Rifampin is an antibiotic. It turns the urine red-orange.

When to Call for Urine - Blood In

Call 911 Now

  • Very weak (can't stand)
  • You think you have a life-threatening emergency

Call Doctor Now or Go to ER

  • Passing pure blood or large blood clots (larger than a dime or grape)
  • Fever over 100.4° F (38.0° C)
  • Taking a blood thinner like Coumadin (warfarin) or have a bleeding disorder
  • Have sickle cell disease
  • You feel weak or very sick
  • You think you need to be seen, and the problem is urgent

Call Doctor Within 24 Hours

  • Side (flank) or back pain present
  • Pain or burning with passing urine
  • All other blood in urine (Exception: you think it might be from your menstrual period)
  • You think you need to be seen, but the problem is not urgent

Call Doctor During Office Hours

  • You have other questions or concerns

Self Care at Home

  • Female and you think the blood might be from your menstrual period

Care Advice for Blood in the Urine

  1. What You Should Know:
    • Hematuria is the medical term for blood in the urine (pee).
    • Even a small amount of blood can make the urine appear quite red.
    • There are many causes of blood in the urine. A person with blood in their urine should see a doctor.
  2. Drink Fluids:
    • Drink plenty of liquids.
    • This will help wash the blood out of your bladder.
  3. Call Your Doctor If:
    • Severe stomach, back, or flank (side) pain occurs
    • Fever occurs
    • You cannot pass urine (or only a few drops) and bladder feels very full
    • You think you need to be seen
    • You get worse

And remember, contact your doctor if you develop any of the 'Call Your Doctor' symptoms.

Disclaimer: This information is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice. It is provided for educational purposes only. You assume full responsibility for how you choose to use this information.


Last Reviewed: 7/24/2017 1:11:39 AM
Last Updated: 5/7/2017 1:36:22 PM

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